The Most Popular IT Specializations in Poland 2024


Reflecting on the previous year, when its dynamism and continuous evolution characterized the IT landscape in Poland, we can forecast that 2024 will feature a diverse community of professionals and a broad spectrum of specializations.

As the digital economy expands, Polish IT professionals, key players in IT jobs in Poland, are leading the charge in innovation and technological advancement.

Comprehensive Overview of IT Specializations in Poland for 2024

Based on the 2023 Polish IT Community report, it’s obvious that in 2024, a diverse range of specializations will mark the Polish IT sector, each playing a critical role in the industry’s growth:

  • Programming remained a cornerstone of the Polish IT industry, with a broad spectrum of roles and a high demand for specialists.
  • Data Science and Analytics were increasingly essential, with 88% of professionals in these fields desiring to stay in their specialization, reflecting its growing importance and satisfaction.
  • DevOps and System Administration are key to efficient operations, with a substantial portion of professionals interested in evolving into programming or architectural roles.
  • Cybersecurity shows critical growth due to escalating data security needs, and it’s recognized as a field with vast opportunities.
  • Cloud Computing is more relevant than ever, with a marked shift away from dedicated servers to cloud solutions among professionals.
  • AI and Machine Learning are seen largely as opportunities (57%) rather than threats, denoting a positive outlook on integrating these technologies into career paths.

Workplace Characteristics in the Polish IT Sector

The workplace environment in Poland’s IT sector is characterized by the following:

  • Diverse Company Types: Polish firms known for specialized services contrast with foreign companies infusing global practices.
  • Varied Company Sizes: The sector spans a broad spectrum of company sizes, from nimble startups to extensive multinational enterprises. Data indicates a healthy spread from small (1–10 employees, 3.2%) to large companies (more than 10,000 employees, 19%).
  • Geographic Focus: Urban centers, especially major cities, stand out as thriving regional tech hubs.
  • Project Types:
    • Internal Solutions: Predominantly worked on by 37% of IT professionals.
    • Commercial Products/Services: A close 36% are engaged in developing company offerings.
    • Client-driven Solutions: About 26% cater to external client demands on a bespoke basis.
    • Uncertain Areas: A minimal 0.9% are still determining the software type they work on, indicating a potential area for improved role clarity.

These facets underscore a versatile workplace landscape, accommodating many professional paths within the Polish IT industry.

Work Preferences and Software Types

The work preferences and software types in Poland’s IT sector are defined by a range of choices reflecting the unique aspirations of IT professionals:

  • Company Size Preference: The Polish IT landscape accommodates:
    • Small-sized entities (1–50 employees) that garner interest for their close-knit teams and potential for rapid development.
    • Medium-sized organizations (51–1,000 employees) offer a balance between structured environments and operational agility.
    • Large-scale corporations (over 1,000 employees) attract those seeking comprehensive benefits and global project exposure.

In Poland’s IT landscape, work preferences align closely with the type of software developed:

  • Product or Service by the Company: 36% of IT professionals work on company-specific products or services.
  • Internal Solutions: At 37%, the largest group focuses on developing interior solutions.
  • Client-driven Solutions: A substantial 26% are dedicated to crafting solutions tailored for external clients on demand.
  • Uncertain Areas: A small but notable 0.9% of respondents are unsure about the type of software they are engaged with.

Salary Analysis in the Polish IT Industry: A Comprehensive Overview

Understanding the intricacies of earnings within the Polish IT industry is crucial for professionals and companies. The in-depth analysis highlights three key areas:

Earnings by Specialization and City

  • Specialization Impact: Varying compensation packages are evident among different IT specializations.
  • City Variations:
    • Warsaw: Maintains the highest earnings for employment contracts at 9,466 PLN, leading the pack much like the previous year.
    • Kraków: Close behind, with earnings of 9,461 PLN, Kraków shows a significant presence in the industry, just 5 PLN behind Warsaw.
    • Wrocław: Consistently third, showcasing stability in the market with 8,923 PLN.
    • Poznań: Its monthly earnings for IT professionals have risen to 8,509 PLN, significantly increasing and showcasing the city’s expanding IT industry.

The B2B contract landscape also presents interesting shifts:

  • Kraków: Takes the lead in B2B contracts, indicating a preference for flexible working arrangements.
  • Łódź: Now holds second place in B2B earnings, followed by Warsaw, which suggests a diversification in the choice of work arrangements across major cities.

Earnings and Company Size

  • Startups: Typically offer equity and flexible work environments but may have lower salaries.
  • Mid-sized Companies: Offer a balance between compensation and flexibility.
  • Large Corporations: Provide more substantial salaries and comprehensive benefits packages.

Form of Cooperation in the Polish IT Industry

  • Employment Contracts: A decrease of 6 percentage points, making up 51% of arrangements.
  • B2B Contracts: An increase of 3 percentage points, now accounting for 37%, indicating a shift toward flexibility.
  • Contract of Mandate/Specific Work Contracts: Preferred by 8.5% for task-specific and short-term projects.
  • Mixed Contracts: A new category at 3%, suggesting a trend towards diverse employment arrangements.

Conclusion and Future Outlook

IT specializations in Poland have demonstrated both resilience and dynamism in 2023. As we enter 2024, the industry’s trajectory points toward several key developments:

  • Specialization Surge: Demand for niche IT skills is expected to grow, with specializations such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and cybersecurity becoming increasingly sought after. Professionals in these areas will likely see a rise in opportunities and potential earnings.
  • Educational Alignment: Educational institutions may further align with industry trends, offering more targeted programs and certifications to prepare the next wave of IT specialists.
  • Market Adaptability: Companies will continue to adapt to the evolving digital landscape, potentially leading to new specializations emerging as market leaders.
  • Regional Expansion: The popularity of IT specializations may extend beyond major cities, fostering a more geographically diverse tech workforce.

In conclusion, the Polish IT sector is filled with innovation and growth as we look to the future. Professionals who invest in developing their skills and stay informed of market shifts will be well-equipped to capitalize on the evolving opportunities within this dynamic industry.

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